Comparison of Star Trek Enterprise and Raumpatrouille Orion
Both do have captains who exercise their own judgement and get in trouble for it, but the significance is different
It is the main theme of Orion, coming as it did after Germany’s war crimes, and it fills every episode.
It is also a background theme in Star Trek, but the real focus is on team building. It was also addressed to kids who were developing new skills in team building with dungeons and dragons.